The mission of the Connecticut Judicial Branch is to serve the interests of justice and the public by resolving matters brought before it in a fair, timely, efficient and open manner.

Criminal Law Supreme Court Opinion

by Townsend, Karen


SC20442 - State v. Mekoshvili (“The question presented by this appeal is whether jurors, in order to reject a criminal defendant’s claim of self-defense, must unanimously agree as to which component or factor of that defense the state has disproven beyond a reasonable doubt. The Appellate Court, which affirmed the murder conviction of the defendant, Shota Mekoshvili, answered that question in the negative. State v. Mekoshvili, 195 Conn. App. 154, 164, 170, 223 A.3d 834 (2020). The Appellate Court read this court’s precedents in State v. Bailey, 209 Conn. 322, 551 A.2d 1206 (1988), and State v. Diggs, 219 Conn. 295, 592 A.2d 949 (1991), to mean that, although a jury must reject a self-defense claim unanimously before it may find a defendant guilty, there is generally no requirement that jurors agree on which specific factor of Connecticut’s four factor test for self-defense the state has disproven. See State v. Mekoshvili, supra, 167–70. We agree and, accordingly, affirm the judgment of the Appellate Court.”)