Education Mandates on School Districts
This report contains a
list of statutory mandates imposed on Connecticut public school districts
over the past few years.
Education Reform Provisions Taking Effect In 2013 or After
In the 2011 and 2012,
the General Assembly made major changes in the state's education laws. These
new laws take effect over several years, with many provisions to be
implemented in 2013 through 2020.
This report summarizes those provisions in two tables. Table 1 briefly
summarizes recently enacted provisions affecting prekindergarten to Grade 12
education currently scheduled for implementation in the next seven years.
Table 2 lists the schedule for reporting to the legislature on the progress
of recently enacted education initiatives. Both tables list the provisions
and reports in chronological order by their effective or starting dates, in
the case of requirements taking effect in future years, or by due date, in
the case of reports.
For additional information about the statutory requirements and reports
listed below, as well as all education-related laws enacted during the last
two sessions, see OLR's Acts Affecting Education reports for 2011 (2011-R-0303)
and 2012 (2012-R-0198).
2012-R-0201 also provides a glossary of terms used in recently enacted
education reform legislation and in this report.
New School Readiness Spaces, Family Resource Centers, And School-based
You asked which school
districts are eligible for the new school readiness spaces, family resource
centers, and school-based health clinics required by the 2012 Education
Reform Act (PA
School Physical Education Time Requirements
You asked what the
state requirements are for the duration of physical education classes or
activity in public schools.
Parents Of School Withdrawal And Transfer To A New School
You asked whether state law requires a school district to notify both
parents when one parent withdraws a child from school and enrolls him or her
in school in a different district.
Use Of Restraint And Seclusion In Connecticut Public Schools –
You asked for a summary of state law and regulations governing restraint
and seclusion of students in Connecticut public schools and to provide
available information on the prevalence of these measures.
Because state law addresses restraint and seclusion regarding special
education students, this report focuses on that population.
Teacher Layoff and
Teacher Evaluation Requirements
You asked for a summary of the statutory requirements governing teacher
layoffs and teacher evaluations.
Expulsion for Conduct
Outside of School –
You asked what authority a local school board has to expel a student from
school for conduct off school grounds. You were especially interested in
whether a school board may expel a student for a sexual assault that occurs
away from school.
Education Plan and 504 Plan Complaint Processes –
You asked for a summary
of the processes for reporting and resolving complaints about (1) special
education individualized education programs (IEPs) developed under the
federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and (2)
accommodation plans for students with disabilities developed under § 504 of
the federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (504 plans). You also asked whether
these procedures vary from state to state.
Individualized Education Programs and Forms - 2010-R-0355
You asked us to summarize the information the federal special education
law and regulations require school districts to include in the
individualized education programs (IEPs) for children receiving special
for School-Aged Children with Autism - 2010-R-0051
Burden of Proof in
Certain Types of Education Due Process Hearings - 2010-R-0480
You asked if education law or regulation for due process hearings regarding
school accommodation, residency, and discipline matters address which party
in a proceeding bears the burden of proof. You also asked us to compare
these types of hearings to special education hearings in Connecticut, where
the burden of proof is always on the school district.
Backgrounder: Burden of Proof in Special Education Due Process Hearings
This report provides background information and an explanation of the
issue of “Burden of proof” in special education due process hearings in
Connecticut and neighboring states. It updates
OLR Report 2010-R-0054.
Home Schooling In Connecticut And Other States
You asked for a comparison of
Connecticut's regulation of home schooling with that of other states.
Policies for Reporting Troubled Students
You asked if the state's public
colleges and universities have policies for faculty members to report
students who they suspect may pose a risk to themselves or others. If
not, you wanted to know how they raise faculty members' awareness about
Special Education Litigation Costs
asked if Connecticut or any of its neighboring states impose a limit on the
amount a local or regional board of education can spend to litigate a
special education dispute with a parent.
Home Schooled Students and Access to School Services
asked if a local school district has the right to deny services to home
Parents' Special Education Due Process Rights –
asked what rights parents of a child with possible dyslexia or another
problem that affects his ability to read have to require the school district
where the child attends school to evaluate the child and pay for the
Possession of Weapon on School Grounds
asked whether properly trained Connecticut public school faculty and staff
are allowed to have guns in schools.
Teachers and Social Security - 2006-R-0547
This report answers frequently asked questions about (1) why teachers are
not covered, (2) other states that have similar Social Security exclusions,
(3) federal benefit reductions that apply when teachers qualify for Social
Security from other employment, and (4) what the state would have to do to
include teachers under Social Security.
Protection for Teachers from False Accusations -
You asked if Connecticut or any other state has a program to protect
teachers from financial distress or damage to their reputations from false
accusations of impropriety by students.
Municipal Referendums - 2005-R-0423
Teacher Sick Days
You want to know whether teachers’ sick days and
personal days are set by statute, regulations, or collective bargaining
Sheff v. O'Neill Settlement
Legal Gambling in Schools
want to know what kind of gambling is now legally permissible at
school-sponsored events now that Las Vegas nights are illegal.
School Expulsion Procedure
asked what procedure a school district must follow to expel a high school
student for carrying a weapon on school grounds.
Education of Homeless Children
Mandated Reporter Law
Teacher Tenure Law
You asked for a summary of the teacher tenure law (CGS § 10-151).
Handling of Confidential Student Records
asked several specific questions about how schools and school districts are
required to handle confidential student records, especially medical and
other types of records relating to an evaluation and individualized program
for a special education student.
Home Schooling in Connecticut and Other States
asked for a comparison of Connecticut's regulation of home schooling with
that of other states.