In the 1963 case of
Gideon v. Wainwright, the United States Supreme Court
held that an indigent defendant in a state felony trial has a constitutional
right to state-appointed counsel. In reaching this decision, the Gideon
The right of one charged with crime to counsel may not be deemed fundamental and essential to fair trials in some countries, but it is in ours. From the very beginning, our state and national constitutions and laws have laid great emphasis on procedural and substantive safeguards designed to assure fair trials before impartial tribunals in which every defendant stands equal before the law. This noble ideal cannot be realized if the poor man charged with crime has to face his accusers without a lawyer to assist him.
Gideon v. Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335, 344 (1963)
Many years earlier, Connecticut had recognized the critical role of counsel in a fair trial. In 1917, Connecticut became the first state in the Union to adopt the public defender system on a statewide basis.
See Chapter 225 of the 1917 Connecticut Public Acts.
Some interesting discussions of Connecticut's public defender system and its history can be found in the Connecticut Bar Journal.
See 1 Conn. B. J. 330 (1927); 9 Conn. B. J. 307 (1935); 33 Conn. B. J. 297 (1959); 39 Conn. B. J. 221 (1965).