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Criminal Jury Instructions

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9.2-7  Manufacturing or Possession of Burglar's Tools -- § 53a-106

Revised to December 1, 2007

The defendant is charged [in count __] with manufacturing or possession of burglar's tools.  The statute defining this offense reads in pertinent part as follows: 

a person is guilty of (manufacturing / possession of) burglar's tools when (he/she) (manufactures / has in (his/her) possession) any tool, instrument or other thing adapted, designed or commonly used for advancing or facilitating offenses involving unlawful entry into premises, or offenses involving forcible breaking of safes or other containers or depositories of property, under circumstances manifesting an intent to use or knowledge that some person intends to use the same in the commission of an offense of such character.

For you to find the defendant guilty of this charge, the state must prove the following elements beyond a reasonable doubt:

Element 1 - Manufactured or possessed burglar's tools
The first element is that the defendant (manufactured / possessed) burglar's tools.  As the statute provides, the term "burglar's tools" may include any tool, instrument or other thing adapted, designed or commonly used for advancing or facilitating offenses involving unlawful entry into premises, or offenses involving forcible breaking of safes or other containers or depositories of property.  It is not necessary for you to determine that the implements are adaptable and usable solely for a criminal purpose.  Where such implements do have a legitimate use, however, it must be established that they could have been used criminally.

<Insert appropriate definition(s):>

  • To "manufacture" means to make or fabricate.

  • To "possess" means to have physical possession or otherwise to exercise dominion or control over tangible property and to have knowledge of its character.  It is also sufficient if the defendant requested, solicited or aided any other person in such possession or jointly had possession with another who was engaged in a joint action with the defendant.  It is not, however, necessary to prove the defendant's ownership or any degree of permanency in the possession of the burglar's tools.  <See Possession, Instruction 2.11-1.>

Element 2 - Intent
The second element is that the defendant (manufactured / possessed) the burglar's tools with the intent to use them or had knowledge that some person intended to use them for the unlawful entry into premises or the forcible breaking of safes or other containers or depositories of property.  It is not necessary for the state to show a specific time or place in which the defendant intended to use the tools, but only the intent that they were going to be so used.  Therefore, the evidence presented is of a circumstantial nature.  You may draw reasonable and logical inferences from any proved facts to determine whether the defendant had the requisite intent.

<See Intent: Specific, Instruction 2.3-1, and Knowledge, Instruction 2.3-3.>

Conclusion

In summary, the state must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant 1) (manufactured / possessed) burglar's tools, and 2) (he/she) had the (intent to use them / knowledge that someone else would use them) to break into another's property.

If you unanimously find that the state has proved beyond a reasonable doubt each of the elements of the crime of manufacturing or possessing burglar's tools, then you shall find the defendant guilty.  On the other hand, if you unanimously find that the state has failed to prove beyond a reasonable doubt any of the elements, you shall then find the defendant not guilty.
 


 

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